Despite a long term research in mechanical ventilation there is a still lot to improve. Technological advances in design of ventilators, development of new ventilatory techniques as well as monitoring of ventilation parameters or monitoring of patient biosignals contribute to an improved safety of the patients. The workshop deals with novel methods and approaches that could be used in the clinical practice to minimize the adverse effects of mechanical ventilation and also to increase a patient benefit from mechanical ventilation.
Workshop will be focused on measurement of biosignals in mechanical ventilation, modeling and simulation in respiratory care, controlling of ventilator parameters according to the end-tidal carbon dioxide concentration or saturation of blood by oxygen etc. Some of the topics are NIRS (near infrared spectroscopy) and EIT (electrical impedance tomography).
The latest researches in stroke patient’s rehabilitation techniques argue that repeated movement of the affected upper limb offer the chance to regain its usefulness. Assisting robotics allows patients to perform repeated movements. Such movements can stimulate the brain to regain the upper limb control and the phenomenon has been termed as neuroplasticity.
Functional electrical stimulation (FES) can be used to artificially induce the muscle contraction of innervated muscles, and in combination with upper limb exoskeletons and glove may contribute to a better rehabilitation process of the stroke patient’s upper limbs. Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) has the potential to restore the body motor functions and it has been recommended as interventional procedure in many countries (i.e. NICE-IPG278, UK). Assisting robotics allows patients to perform repeated movements in a well-controlled manner, while the FES-based activation of the muscles helps the brain to relearn the day life movements.
Brain-computer interface (BCI) is a new technology with a potential to restore, substitute, or augment lost motor behaviors in patients with neurological injuries. Just imagine that a patient may control a neuroprosthesis by his/her own thoughts.
The workshop deals with new proposed systems (EXOSLIM, IHRG) consisting in a mechanical structure of exoskeleton type, anthropometrically dimensioned, aiming to ensure the basic anatomical movements in stroke patient’s upper limb and hand, as well as muscle control by means of functional electrical stimulation (FES). Instead of using the traditional surface electrodes some electroconductive yarns which can be easily and effectively integrated into textile structures may provide the electrical stimulation over the muscles (patent request no. A/00673/21.09.2015). Motor Imagery based BCIs can induce neural plasticity and thus serve as an important tool to enhance motor rehabilitation for stroke patients. A new system that integrates BCI and FES techniques aiming to improve motor rehabilitation for stroke patients will be presented too, as well as wireless BCI systems.
The present research is supported by PCCA 180/2012, PCCA 150/2012 and PCCA 267/2014 grants of the Executive Agency for Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovation Funding (UEFISCDI), as well as international cooperation with the Austrian GTEC company.
The goal of the workshop is to establish a collaborative interdisciplinary research environment, by using the appropriate set of mechanical, aerospace and bio-sciences engineering knowledge in addressing problems in broad areas. Gathering specialists from all these fields of interest will result in future innovative research and cross-border studies with real impact on everyday life.
The current technological challenges of the space industry, as well as the international ESA program, bring the need for innovative research programs, requiring highly qualified experts and a broad interdisciplinary vision. The development of these technologies is possible only through intense collaboration between the technological sectors corresponding to the exact and biomedical sciences, with a broad view into new fundamental research problems that arise with every little discovery made in the aerospace field. We align with the current global trend of bringing valuable contributions, through research towards sustaining and improving life in space.
Nowadays assistive technology includes assistive, adaptive, and rehabilitative products and services that are used to increase, maintain, or improve functional capabilities of individuals with many types of disabilities, from cognitive problems to physical impairments.
Assistive technology promotes greater independence by enabling people with disabilities to perform tasks that they were formerly unable to accomplish, or had great difficulty accomplishing, by providing devices, or changing methods of interacting with the technology needed to accomplish such tasks.
In this context the aim of the session is to present and discuss the advances in the research and development of assistive devices and to offer opportunities to the researchers, scientists, and engineers to change ideas, to share knowledge and experience in the field of assistive technology.
The session welcomes papers addressing the following areas (but not limited): Augmentative and alternative communication, Assistive technology for visual impairment, Personal emergency response systems, Mobility impairment and wheelchairs, Assistive technology in sport, Assistive technology in education.
Medical informatics deals with the use of IT&C technologies in health care and represents the interdisciplinary study of the design, development, adoption and application of IT-based innovations in health care services delivery, management and planning.
This multidisciplinary field utilizes health information technology to improve health care through a mix of higher quality, higher efficiency (stimulating lower cost and consequently wider availability). Its resources, devices, and methods are involved in optimizing the acquisition, storage, retrieval, and use of information in health and biomedicine.
Health informatics tools consist mainly in computers, formal medical terminologies, clinical guidelines, and information and communication systems.
Clinical care, dentistry, pharmacy, public health, nursing, occupational therapy, physical therapy, (bio)medical research, and alternative medicine are the main fields of application.